Experience Pyramids of Giza on excursions from Hurghada
Tours to Pyramids of Giza from Hurghada is a highly desired and must-do list for every Egypt vacationer. You will find the best and top rated pyramid trips from Hurghada, Makadi Bay, Soma Bay, Safaga, Sahl Hasheesh and Elgouna with us. First of all, we distinguish 2 types of pyramids. Those that actually served as burial sites and cenotaphs. This includes mock graves. These contain no human remains. They mainly serve as a reminder of a dead person who is buried elsewhere.
The list of pyramids compiled by Karl Lepsius in 1842 contained 67 pyramids at that time. Over the years more were added so that today there are 118 identified pyramids. The youngest is that of Sesheshet in Saqqara, mother of the 6th Dynasty pharaoh Teti. She was found on 11/11/2008. All but one of the pyramids are on the west bank of the Nile. This is the 3rd Dynasty Small Pyramid at Zawyet el-Mayitin.
Tours to Pyramids of Giza from Hurghada
We would like to briefly introduce the seven most famous pyramids here. The earliest known pyramids are at Saqqara, north-west of Memphis. They have a step pyramid-like structure and are attributed to the first dynasty Mastaba 3808 under the rule of the pharaoh Anedigeb. The oldest of the pyramids is the step pyramid of Djoser. It is the most famous monument in Saqqara, about 30 km south of Cairo. Built in the 3rd Dynasty of the Old Kingdom around 2650 BC and with a height of 62.5 m, the first phase of pyramid building in Egypt began with it. This pyramid has a non-square base and is surrounded by the largest of all pyramid complexes. It was first studied in 1821. The entrance was discovered. Inside were the remains of a mummy in the form of a golden skull and gilded soles. Unfortunately, these artifacts were lost. This pyramid is the central structure of the necropolis of Saqqara and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979.
Of course, the Pyramids of Gizeh are unique and world-famous. Located on the outskirts of Cairo and about 5.5 hours from Hurghada by car or an hour’s flight from Hurghada. They are among the only remaining of the last seven wonders of the ancient world. At that time they were the tallest buildings in the world. Since 1979 they have also been part of the UNESCO World Heritage. The Pyramid Field of Giza has been an important cemetery since the 1st Dynasty. The pyramids themselves were built around 2650-2500 BC. in the 4th dynasty. They were built on a limestone plateau measuring 1000 by 2000 m. It is remarkable that no carriages were used in its construction. Differences in height were probably driven by pulling the loads with calculation of the angle of inclination. The Cheops pyramid is the largest of the 3rd famous pyramids with an original height of 146.6 m. Today the height is still 138.5 m. Considering the age it is very impressive. In the 26th century Built over a period of 27 years BC, it was the tallest man-made structure for 3800 years. An estimated 2.3 million large blocks of various shapes, with a total weight of 6 tons, were installed. Mainly local sandstone from the Giza Plateau was used. White limestone was brought by boat from Tura on the Nile, as were the granite blocks from Aswan. It is known that the pyramid consists of 3 chambers. Around the pyramid were 2 mortuary temples that were connected by a corridor. The Pyramid of Chefren is the 2nd highest of the pyramids and at the same time the second highest of all pyramids. With an original height of 143.5 m and a current height of 136.4 m, it is still a monumental phenomenon today. Here the pharaoh Chephren was buried who was a son of the pharaoh Cheops. He ruled in the 4th Dynasty from 2558 – 2532 BC When the entrance was uncovered on March 2nd, 1818, there was great hope for rich treasures. Speculations about the mysterious pyramids of Giza and their treasures still exist today. Again and again it attracted scholars and grave robbers to the Nile. As it turned out, this pyramid had already been opened once before in the 7th century AD. There was nothing in it. Significantly, however, it is the second pyramid opened for viewing. The smallest of the 3rd pyramids of Giza is the Menkaure pyramid with a height of 62 m today. From 2540 – 2520 BC. Chr. The pharaoh Menkerinos had it built as his tomb. He was the son of Pharaoh Chephren. Burial sites for 3 generations of a royal line of the 4th dynasty were created on the Gizeh plateau. Towards the end of the 12th c. The Sultan of Egypt at the time, Abd al-Malik Utman bin Yusuf, tried to have Saladin’s son remove the pyramids. He started with the Mykernos pyramid. Luckily, he found out after a short time that it turned out to be impossible. The pyramid was damaged on the northern side, which is still evidenced by an 8 m deep vertical breach. The Sphinx – Limestone statue from 2500 BC erected on the Giza plateau. Mythical creature oriented west to east. The pyramids without the Sphinx or the Sphinx without the pyramids – unthinkable. To this day, we do not know what their function is. Possibly she should be guarding the Giza plateau. At a length of 73 m, a height of 20 m and a width of 19 m, it depicts a lying lion with a human head. According to tradition, it is said to depict the face of Pharaoh Khafre. The head is covered by a Nemes headscarf. Unfortunately, the nose and goatee are broken off. Because it was built in a hollow, only the head protruded from the sand for centuries. Paint residues on the ear suggest that there.
We offer you:
- Day Trip to the Pyramids – Exclusive Private Cairo Excursion
- Private Day Trip to Cairo from Hurghada By Plane
- Private Day Trip to Cairo from Hurghada
- 2 Days Cairo Tour by plane
- Cairo Day Tour | Small group